SuperSites

Calperum Mallee SuperSite

TERN’s Calperum Mallee SuperSite is located in a mallee semi-arid ecosystem, fringing the River Murray floodplains on Calperum Station, near Renmark, South Australia. The area comprises undulating mallee woodlands and riverine vegetation that fringes the river. All areas are in the process of recovering from extensive grazing.

Site Infrastructure & Characteristics

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SuperSite Research Infrastructure
  • One eddy-covariance flux tower
  • Soil water content, temperature and electrical conductivity probes
  • Phenocams
  • Groundwater bores with nested piezometers
  • 18 x 1 ha Surveillance monitoring plots
  • Airborne LiDAR and hyperspectral imagery calibrated using SLATS star transects, leaf sampling, tree structure and LAI measurements
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SuperSite Details
  • Vegetation type: Mallee woodland
  • Elevation: ~67 m
  • Rainfall: ~265 mm/yr
  • Mean Temperature: ~17°C
  • Soils: Tenosols

Site Research

Research using the Calperum Mallee SuperSite aims to answer these key questions:
  • What are the fundamental energy, carbon, water and nutrient stocks and flows in the mallee, Callitris woodland and river floodplain ecosystems
  • How are these stocks and flows responding to management interventions, such as reduced and controlled grazing, controlled fire, controlled floods on the floodplain?
  • How are the biota changing in form, frequency and distribution as climate changes and more management interventions are imposed?
  • How important is the connectivity between these ecosystems for hydrology, faunal movement and as refugia in times of drought?

Site Partners

Research Publications

Since its inception, TERN’s infrastructure has enabled the publication of more than 1600 peer-reviewed scientific journal articles or books.