SuperSites

Daintree Rainforest SuperSite

TERN’s Daintree Rainforest SuperSite is at the Daintree Rainforest Observatory (DRO) at Cape Tribulation. It comprises a long-term monitoring site, canopy crane with flux sensors, and extensive researcher and teaching infrastructure. Nearby is the affiliated Daintree Discovery Centre at Cow Bay, an ecotourism interpretive centre featuring a canopy tower, aerial walkway and scientific monitoring. The sites are located about 120 km north of Cairns, Queensland.

Site Infrastructure & Characteristics

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SuperSite Research Infrastructure

Daintree Rainforest SuperSite

  • Canopy crane with eddy-covariance flux sensors
  • Weather station
  • Water quality sensors
  • Gauging station to measure discharge
  • Soil water content, soil water potential, soil temperature sensors
  • Dendrometer bands
  • Phenocams (2 above canopy, 1 under canopy)
  • Sap flow system
  • Acoustic sensor
  • Groundwater logging bore
  • Rainout shelter
  • Comprehensive herbarium and insect collections for identifications

 

Daintree Discovery Centre

  • Weather station
  • Phenocams (3 above canopy, 1 undercanopy)
  • Soil water content, soil water potential, soil temperature sensors
  • Groundwater logging bores
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SuperSite Details

Daintree Rainforest SuperSite

  • Vegetation type: Complex Mesophyll Vine Forest (CMVF) 20 – 35 m canopy
  • Elevation: 65 m
  • Rainfall: ~5143 mm/yr
  • Mean Temperature: 24.4°C
  • Soils: acidic, dystrophic, brown dermosol and colluvial gravels

 

Daintree Discovery Centre

  • Vegetation type: Complex Mesophyll Vine Forest (CMVF) 20 – 35 m canopy
  • Elevation: 86 m
  • Rainfall:~4425 mm/yr
  • Mean Temperature: 24.0 °C
  • Soils: acidic, dystrophic, brown dermosol

Site Research

Research using the Daintree Rainforest SuperSite aims to:
  • How are the biota (in particular locally endemic species) changing in form, frequency and distribution and what are the drivers of change?
  • Does the vegetation represent a stable structure (overstorey versus understory dynamics) or has climate change affected it?
  • Which taxa of organisms are the most sensitive to local climate change and how can these be assembled into an accurate biodiversity monitoring tool?
  • What are the fundamental vertical and lateral energy, carbon, water and nutrient stocks and flows in the tropical forests of north Queensland?
  • How are these stocks and flows responding to past management and climate change and how are they likely to respond in the future?
  • How important is the connectivity between these ecosystems for hydrology, faunal movement and as refugia under conditions of past and future climate change?

Site Partners

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Research Publications

Since its inception, TERN’s infrastructure has enabled the publication of more than 1600 peer-reviewed scientific journal articles or books.